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EthicsCaseStudyForm edit

Title Publication Disputes in the History of Science
Long Title Publication Disputes in the History of Science
Contributor/Contact Tony Onofrietti, MS, CRSS (tony.onofrietti@hsc.utah.edu)
Contributor Details Jeffrey R. Botkin, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Ethics
Associate Vice President for Research Integrity
The University of Utah
Case Study Provided Consider these two cases from history. In the first instance, Charles Darwin was spurned on to finally publish The Origin of Species (1859) because, in 1858, Alfred Russell Wallace sent a manuscript to Darwin outlining an identical theory of evolution by natural selection. In this case Darwin passed the manuscript on to Charles Lyell (a famous geologist from the era), who arranged a joint presentation/publication of Wallace’s manuscript and a brief piece by Darwin introducing his theory (neither were present…Wallace was still oversees and, indeed, had no idea that his manuscript led to the joint presentation/publication; Darwin was mourning the death of his baby son). In the second instance, James Watson and Francis Crick utilized x-ray crystallographic data obtained by Maurice Wilkins from Rosalind Franklin to elucidate the double-helical structure of DNA. Franklin did not authorize the sharing of her research. Watson and Crick soon after published their results in Nature, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962, along with Wilkins but not Franklin (she died of ovarian cancer in 1958).
Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing and Ownership Topics No Data acquisition_management_sharing and ownership Topics
Mentor and Trainee Responsibilities Topics No mentor and trainee responsibilities topics
Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship Topics
The significance of authorship,
Poor publication practices
Peer Review Topics No peer review topics
Collaborative Science Topics No collaborative science topics
Research Misconduct Topics No research misconduct topics
Conflicts of Interest, Law and Policy Topics No conflicts of interest_law_and policy topics
Human Subjects No human subjects

URL www.education.research.utah.edu
RCR Keyword Plagiarism, Intellectual Work, Ideas, Manuscript
Other RCR Keywords Alfred Russell Wallace
Charles Darwin
Double-helical Structure
Francis Crick
James Watson
Maurice Wilkins
Natural Selection
Noble Prize
Rosalind Franklin
The Origin of Species
Theory of Evolution
X-ray crystallographic Data
Case Difficulty Quick
Type of Case

Source for Topic Areas Du Bois, J., & Dueker, J. (2009). Teaching and Assessing the Responsible Conduct of Research: A Delphi Consensus Panel Report. Journal of Research Administration, 40(1), 49-70.


Topic revision: r2 - 13 Nov 2011 - 19:38:53 - MarkYarborough
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