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EthicsCaseStudyForm edit

Title Peer review by unassigned reviewers
Long Title Peer review by unassigned reviewers
Contributor/Contact Dale J. Benos, PhD (benos@physiology.uab.edu)
Contributor Details Dale J. Benos, PhD
Chairman of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
CTSA Alabama
Case Study Provided The journal editor sent a paper to an outside referee to review. The editorís cover letter specifically stated that if the reviewer is unable to provide a review in the time frame specified, the reviewer may ask a colleague to assist. The senior author of that manuscript, by chance, was visiting the institution of the reviewer after the paper was submitted to the journal. During her visit, she was being escorted through the laboratory of the reviewer and noticed, in a reception area, multiple copies of her manuscript on a coffee table. She asked her escort (a graduate student of this laboratory) about the papers on the table. The graduate student, who was unaware that she was the author of the manuscript on the desk, stated that as part of the laboratoryís Journal Club they do group reviews of manuscripts that the senior investigator has been asked to review. On returning to her own laboratory, she telephoned the editor with the complaint that her manuscript was circulated among her research competitors at another university. The editor, in turn, telephoned the reviewer who stated that he routinely asks his laboratory to review manuscripts as a group, primarily because of the teaching value of such an experience. The "review group" consists of graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and junior faculty members. In general, the reviewer assembles all the comments into one review, signs the forms, and takes responsibility for the review. The reviewer felt that the procedure produces well-done reviews containing lots of constructive criticism.
Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing and Ownership Topics No Data acquisition_management_sharing and ownership Topics
Mentor and Trainee Responsibilities Topics No mentor and trainee responsibilities topics
Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship Topics
Protecting privacy in publication
Peer Review Topics
The significance of peer review,
Qualities of a good review and reviewer,
Logistics of peer reviewing,
Reviewer roles in ensuring RCR,
Editorial responsibilities
Collaborative Science Topics No collaborative science topics
Research Misconduct Topics No research misconduct topics
Conflicts of Interest, Law and Policy Topics No conflicts of interest_law_and policy topics
Human Subjects No human subjects
Citation Benos DJ, Fabres J, Famer J, Gutierrez JP, Hennessy K, Kosek D, Lee JH, Olteanu D, Russell T, Shaikh F, and Wang K. Ethics and scientific publication. Advances in Physiology Education 29: 59-74, 2006
URL http://advan.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/29/2/59
RCR Keyword Intellectual Work, Peer Review, Manuscript, Journal Club, Journal, Editor, Reviewer
Other RCR Keywords Constructive Criticism
Editorís Cover Letter
Graduate Student
Group Reviews
Junior Faculty
Laboratory Journal Club
Research Competitors
Senior Author
Senior Investigator
Teaching Value
Case Difficulty Quick
Type of Case

Source for Topic Areas Du Bois, J., & Dueker, J. (2009). Teaching and Assessing the Responsible Conduct of Research: A Delphi Consensus Panel Report. Journal of Research Administration, 40(1), 49-70.


Topic revision: r3 - 13 Nov 2011 - 12:27:11 - MarkYarborough
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