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EthicsCaseStudyForm edit

Title Courtesy Authorship
Long Title Courtesy Authorship
Contributor/Contact Jamie Rubin, PhD? (jsr9@columbia.edu)
Contributor Details Jamie Rubin, PhD?
Assistant Dean
Assistant Vice President for Research Administration at the College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University
630 West 168th Street
New York, NY 10032-3702
CTSA Columbia
Case Study Provided Dr. Jonathan Perry, a tenured professor, used his sabbatical to visit the laboratory of Dr. Brian Chandler, a widely published and respected senior scientist. During his stay in Chandler's lab, Dr. Perry hoped to learn certain techniques of molecular biology that he would employ in his own research. To afford Dr. Perry this opportunity, Dr. Chandler assigned him a leading role in a new project that the lab was undertaking. After seven months, laboratory work on the project was completed, and Dr. Perry returned to his own institution to begin work on a paper to report the final results. Ultimately, many drafts of the paper were faxed back and forth between laboratories until Dr. Perry received the penultimate version from Dr. Chandler's lab. On this version, a new name, J.B. Martin, Ph.D., appeared among the authors listed. Dr. Perry had never met Dr. Martin, never worked with him on any technical aspect of the project, and had never heard his name or ideas mentioned in the laboratory meetings in which the project was planned or the results discussed.

Dr. Perry called Dr. Chandler and questioned the addition of Dr. Martin as an author on the manuscript. Dr. Chandler stated that, due to prior collaborations, it was a longstanding policy to include Dr. Martin on all publications coming out of Dr. Chandler's laboratory. Dr. Martin's laboratory had a reciprocal agreement, he added. Dr. Perry stated that he did not feel that Dr. Martin was a qualified author on this particular paper since he had not made a significant contribution to the work being published. Dr. Chandler replied that Dr. Perry did not have the right to question the policy of the laboratory in which he had worked as an invited guest. Dr. Perry maintained his position that Dr. Martin did not belong as an author on the paper and further stated that if Dr. Chandler insisted on including Dr. Martin's name, then, as first author, Dr. Perry would not allow the paper to be submitted. Dr. Chandler responded, "Well, you can withdraw your name, but the work was done here in my laboratory and we plan to submit the paper for publication."
Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing and Ownership Topics
Ethical values behind the scientific standards for data acquisition_management_sharing and ownership,
Variations in lab practicesólegitimate and illegitimate variations,
Data sharing,
Special issues related to scientific roles
Mentor and Trainee Responsibilities Topics No mentor and trainee responsibilities topics
Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship Topics
The significance of authorship,
Inappropriate authorship practices,
Dealing with controversies that arise in authorship,
Poor publication practices
Peer Review Topics

Collaborative Science Topics
Dealing with challenges in collaborative relationships
Research Misconduct Topics

Conflicts of Interest, Law and Policy Topics

Human Subjects No human subjects
Citation Korenman, S. G., and Shipp, A.C. Teaching the Responsible Conduct of Research Through a Case Study Approach-A Handbook for Instructors. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Medical Colleges, 1994.

RCR Keyword Collaboration, Ideas, Manuscript, Journal
Other RCR Keywords Collaborations; Courtesy Authorship; Final Results; Learn; New Person Added did not Provide a Single Contribution; Not Allow Paper to be Published with this New Name; Paper; Penultimate Version; Policy to Include Other Authors; Project; Published; Reciprocal Agreement; Research; Sabbatical; Senior Scientist; Techniques of Molecular Biology; Tenured Professor; Visit another Lab; We will Submit for Publication; Withdraw Your Name
Type of Case

Source for Topic Areas Du Bois, J., & Dueker, J. (2009). Teaching and Assessing the Responsible Conduct of Research: A Delphi Consensus Panel Report. Journal of Research Administration, 40(1), 49-70.


Topic revision: r1 - 03 Nov 2011 - 17:20:45 - DebieSchilling
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