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-- NancyHills - 19 May 2009

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CTSA Institution

University of California, Davis

Disclaimer Please cite the appropriate authors/contacts when using or adapting these materials.
Acknowledgment University of California, Davis – Bioethics Program
Contacts Ben A. Rich, PhD?, JD, Professor and School of Medicine, Alumni Association Endowed Chair of Bioethics and Lisa Ikemoto, JD, Professor of Law
Format PowerPoint?
URL Download
Materials Provided PowerPoint? Lecture Presentation (16 slides)
Title Genetics and Human Reproduction
Topics Description This presentation focuses on biomedical events in history that brought about regulations, and organizations that formed to protect society. This clearly points out difficult ethical questions by reviewing the past while looking at the present and future challenges that bioethicists and society will address. Usually, significant changes have come about due to tragic outcomes such as Thalidomide (1957-1961) drug, which was found to cause birth defects. This drug was pulled from the market in1961 and JFK signed a bill giving the FDA more power in deciding if a drug should be approved. The purpose was to protect society; however on the other end of the spectrum, the process of approving the marketing of a new drug can take up to 14 years. This negative impact of the current drug approval process is probably best demonstrated in treating patients with AIDS. There were drugs available but not approved by the FDA, which resulted in thousands dying. If the FDA responded quicker many AIDS patients might have been saved by these unapproved drugs therapies. This presentation addresses other ethical dilemmas by citing the case of in re Quinlan (right to refuse treatment). Also, the interesting cases of Buck V. Bell (involuntary sterilization) and Skinner v. Oklahoma (Oklahoma's Habitual Criminal Sterilization Act), which involved the eugenics movement.
Keywords Abuses; Autonomy; Belmont Report; Beneficence; Biomedical Ethics; Breakthroughs; Buck v. Bell; Casuistry; Development of Clinical Research; Eugenics; FDA; Federal Common Rule; Federal Funding; Federal Regulation of Human Subject Research; Francis Galton & Co.; Genetics; Hippocrates; History; Human Reproduction; in re Quinlan; Informed Consent; Involuntary Sterilization Laws; Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital; Justice; Kefauver-Harris Amendments; Louise Brown; National Research Act; Nazi War Crimes Trials; Nonmaleficence; Nuremberg Code; Patient Preferences; Primum non nocere; Quality of Life; Race & Ethnicity; Respect for Persons; Risks and Benefits; Roe v. Wade; Selection of Subjects; Skinner v. Oklahoma; Thalidomide; The Beecher Article; The Georgetown Mantra; Tuskegee; Willowbrook School; WWII
See Also

Topic Human Subjects, Research Misconduct, Other
Topic revision: r5 - 24 Jul 2009 - 18:26:25 - NancyHills
ResearchEthics.Genetics_and_Human_Reproduction moved from ResearchEthics.GeneticsAndHumanReproduction on 19 May 2009 - 23:16 by CTSpediaAdmin - put it back
 
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